Other normal forms
Beyond 2NF, there is third normal form (3NF), Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF), as well as 4NF and 5NF - they become increasingly complex with each iteration, and the end result is usually not overly different from 2NF. This book is about PHP, so there is not room to go in any more detail, however there are dozens of books on database theory that would help you out if you wanted to learn more.
Generally speaking, you're best off with 2NF.
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Second normal form
Databases Introduction Database hierarchy Types of data Date and time Transactions Stored procedures Triggers Views Keys Referential integrity Indexes Persistent connections Temporary Tables Table handlers Round up History MySQL PostgreSQL Oracle Microsoft SQL Server SQL SQL comments Interacting with MySQL Creating tables Making table changes Deleting tables Inserting data Selecting data Extra SELECT keywords Updating data Deleting data MySQL for dummies A working example Multiple WHERE conditions Grouping rows together with GROUP BY MySQL functions Managing indexes Simple text searching using LIKE Advanced text searching using full-text indexes Range matching Working with NULL Default values Using MySQL with PHP Connecting to a MySQL database Querying and formatting Disconnecting from a MySQL database Reading in data Mixing in PHP variables Results within results Advanced formatting Reading auto-incrementing values Unbuffered queries for large data sets phpMyAdmin PEAR::DB Quick PEAR::DB calls Query information Advanced PEAR::DB Impeared performance? SQLite Using SQLite Before you begin Getting started Advanced functions Mixing SQLite and PHP Normalisation Why separate data? So, what is the solution here? Why not separate data? First normal form Second normal form Other normal forms Conclusion Table joins Complex joins Using temporary tables Adjusting the priority queue How to design your tables Picking the perfect data type When MySQL knows best Persistent connections Choosing a table type Transactions MySQL Improved Subselects, views, and other advanced functions Subselects Views Referential integrity Summary Exercises Further reading Next chapter
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